By Friedrich G. Barth, Joseph A. C. Humphrey, Mandyam V. Srinivasan
Biological sensory structures, fine-tuned to their particular initiatives with striking perfection, have an important capability for technical, commercial, and scientific purposes. this is applicable to sensors really expert for quite a lot of strength varieties similar to optical, mechanical, electric, and magnetic, to call quite a few.
This booklet brings jointly first-hand wisdom from the frontiers of alternative fields of analysis in sensing. It goals to advertise the interplay among biologists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians and to pave the way in which for leading edge traces of analysis and cross-disciplinary techniques. the subjects provided hide a extensive spectrum starting from power transformation and transduction strategies in animal sensing platforms to the fabrication and alertness of bio-inspired man made sensor arrays. many of the contributions are associated via the similarity of what sensing has to complete in either biology and engineering.
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Extra info for Frontiers in Sensing: From Biology to Engineering
43 1. Introduction: Basic design of insect eyes . . 43 2. 1 The eye of Papilio . . . . . . . . . . . . Spectral organization of the eye . . . . . . 45 45 Color vision of Papilio . . . . . . . . . . Color discrimination and its spatial size limit Wavelength discrimination . . . . . . . . 49 49 51 Concluding remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2006) Ɵve-induced distor Ɵon of diīerent regispecƟ Ō (see ons of the ground in front of the aircraŌ ƟFig. 4 c). This ensures that there is no variaƟ Ɵcal axis of on in image velocity along the verƟ the remapped image (Fig. 4 d), thus promoƟng the accurate measurement of opƟc Ňow Ň along this axis (Srinivasan et al. 2006). This way of mapping the world is similar in some respects to that achieved by the compound eyes of semi-terrestrial crabs that live on a Ňat substrate (Zeil et al. 1986) – although the objecƟve Ɵ in the case of the crab seems to be translate range measurements into angu- lar measurements in the eye, rather than to measure image velociƟes.
J Gen Physiol 126: 4 81– 497 Ʃ ME (1985) CondiƟoned reWalker MM, BiƩerman sponding to magneƟc Ɵ Įelds by honey bees. J Comp Physiol A 157: 67–73 Weber K, Venkatesh S, Srinivasan MV (1997) Insect inspired behaviours for the autonomous control of mobile robots. From living eyes to seeing machines. Oxford University Press, U. , pp 226 – 248 Ɵ vision In: Wehner R, Labhart T (2006) PolarizaƟon Warrant E, Nilsson D-E (eds) Invertebrate vision. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U. K, pp 291– 348 WiƩlinger Ʃ M, Wehner R, Wolf H (2007) The desert ant odometer: a stride integrator that accounts for stride length and walking speed.