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By Pieter Meyes Tiersma

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527–539. Kjellmer, Göran. 2001. “Why Weaken but not *Strongen? On Deadjectival Verbs”. 154–171. Marchand, Hans. 1969. The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word-Formation. Second edition. Munich: C. Beck. Plag, Ingo. 1999. Morphological Productivity. Structural Constraints in English Derivation. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Plag, Ingo. 2003. Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Quirk, Randolph, Geoffrey Leech, Sydney Greenbaum & Jan Svartvik. 1985.

The latter, however, cannot be confirmed based exclusively on the evidence provided by the OED edition used here (cf. Bauer 2006: 188–189). Virtually identical timelines are obtained for verbs derived by -en suffixation and conversion regardless of whether they are in competition or not. 50 -En suffixation Conversion 44 45 40 35 30 27 25 20 18 18 15 10 5 0 10 8 0 1 0 00 3 13 3 15 13 14 10 15 4 1 3 800– 900– 1000–1100–1200–1300–1400–1500–1600–1700–1800– 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 Figure 11.

An Alledged Case of Non-chronological Rule Insertion”. Linguistic Inquiry 2. 597–599. Goldsmith, John A. ed. 1995. The Handbook of Phonological Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Halle, Morris & William Idsardi. 1995. “General Properties of Stress and Metrical Structure”. 403–443. Hurch, Bernard. 1991. “On Adjacency and Related Concepts”. Bertinetto et al. 43–63. Kager, René. 1995. “Metrical Theory of Word Stress”. 367–402. The -alis/-aris allomorphy revisited  Kenstowicz, Michael. 1994. Phonology in Generative Grammar.

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