Download Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry: With Applications to New by R.M. Santilli PDF

By R.M. Santilli

Regardless of impressive achievements, Quantum Chemistry has did not in achieving special representations of molecular information from specified quantum ideas. Hadronic Chemistry is a brand new, nonlinear, nonlocal and nonunitary overlaying self-discipline which admits all quantum types as specific circumstances, whereas allowing invariant representations of molecular information detailed to any wanted accuracy. those effects are as a result of a brand new arithmetic worthwhile for the invariant therapy of nonlinear, nonlocal, and nonunitary theories, often called Santilli isomathematics, and a brand new constitution version of molecules with strongly appealing correlations of valence electron pairs in unmarried couplings, which correlations are nonlinear, nonlocal, and nonunitary, hence outdoor all of the features of Quantum Chemistry. Following a scientific presentation of the elemental tools, the recent version of molecules, and its experimental verifications, the writer applies Hadronic Chemistry to the prediction and experimental verification of a brand new chemical species, known as magnecules, which includes good clusters of molecules, dimers, and person atoms lower than new non-valence inner bonds. eventually, the writer applies most of these effects to the commercial improvement of recent, fresh energies and fuels.

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Substitution into Eq. 824 χ ΙΟ" . 4542 (or the s a m e , as it must b e since the exponential is dimensionless and therefore c a n n o t = ( 0 . 0 3 1 9 9 9 ) / ( 2 ) ( 8 . 3 1 4 3 3 ) ( 2 9 8 . 1 5 ) = 6 . 4 5 4 2 χ 1 0 " · , mc /2kT depend 2 o n the c h o i c e o f system o f units). 824 χ 10" . 6 N o t e that p(c) is a hundredfold larger in the SI calculation. T h i s is b e c a u s e the velocity interval dc is 1 0 0 times larger w h e n c is in m s e c " FIG. 2-5. 1 t h a n w h e n it is in c m s e c " *.

2-8)-(2-10) acts to define a most probable distribution and one which is assumed, in the case of a large number of molecules, to be the distribution. The preceding conditions and assumptions are in fact sufficient to give the immediate precursor to the Boltzmann distribution law, namely the conclusion that p( ) = (constant) e~ \ (2-11) & € where p(e) is the probability that the molecule has energy e . The constant β will be identified with I/kT in Section 2-6, when a consequence of Eq. (2-11) is com­ pared with the ideal gas law.

HIRSCHFELDER, J. O . , C U R T I S S , C . F . , A N D B I R D , R. B . ( 1 9 6 4 ) . " M o l e c u l a r T h e o r y o f G a s e s a n d Liquids," corrected ed. Wiley, N e w York. A n excellent advanced treatise o n the statistical mechanical approach t o the properties o f gases. M O E L W Y N - H U G H E S , E . A . ( 1 9 6 1 ) . "Physical Chemistry," 2 n d e d . Pergamon, Oxford. A useful intermediate-level general text. PARTINGTON, J. R. ( 1 9 4 9 ) . " A n Advanced Treatise o n Physical Chemistry," Vol.

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