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This e-book demanding situations the efficacy of the coverage of yank faculties of protecting young children again in grade for a yr, and provides facts that the coverage is harmful to these retained, particularly to reduce periods and minority teams, frequently inflicting them to drop out of faculty altogether.
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Additional info for Flunking grades : research and policies on retention (Education Policy Perspectives)
1 933) 'Relative effect of special promotion and repeti tion upon progress in achievement tests\ unpublished master's thesis. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. MIllER. D. R ( \ 942) 'A study o f some factors involved in promotion practices in elementary schools'. unpublished master's thesis. University of Vir gtrna. MILLERT, M . M. ( 1 9771 1 978) 'The effects of retention and promotion in the primary grades on the academic achievement of low achieving students�. Masler3 Thesis in Edu(ation� 27.
37 standard deviation behind promoted control children. OSPS! + 29(291 - 20( 1 23 1 8) - 28( 1 2 1 - lOi - 151 NEGAnVE STUOIES ... 281 37\ 7 1 + 29\ Equal years (saome:
3 5 1 - 79. HOLMES, C . T. ( 1 983) 'The fourth R: Retention', Journal of Research and Dwelopment in Education, 17, pp. 1 -6. HOLMES, C. T. ( 1 984) 'Estimating effect sizes in meta-analysis', Journal ,if Experimental Education, 52, 2, pp. 106-9. HOLMES, C. T. ( 1 986) 'A synthesis of recent research on non-promotion: A five year follow-up', paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April. HOLMES, C . T. and MATTHEWS, K. M. ( 1984) 'The effects of nonpromotion on elementary and junior high school pupils: A meta-analysis', Review of Educational R«earch, 54, 2, pp.