By Syed B. Hussain
Meant for grades 9 and up, the nearly 727 entries during this encyclopedia healthy below the kinds of nations (97 entries); businesses (95 entries, e.g., common electrical, Nestle); biographies (164 entries, e.g., Gorbachev, Mikhail; Washington, George); and financial phrases and theories (190 entries, e.g., Keynesian economics, Say's Law), with the remainder entries break up between corporations (World exchange Organization), industries (mining), occasions (American Revolution), and different issues tied to capitalism. All articles are signed and comprise a bibliography. Article size varies from one-quarter web page to 6 pages, with longer articles leaning towards protecting monetary phrases and theories.
The try to view topics inside of a "capitalist paradigm" works good with such a lot entries. for instance, the item at the financial institution of britain not just presents a heritage of the financial institution, together with reforms of the Nineties, but in addition describes the altering function of relevant banks inside of capitalist economies. however, a few articles on businesses offer little greater than a firm profile, with article references pointing to a company's web content and Hoover's on-line [http://www.hooversonline.com], neglecting articles and books.
Added gains contain a time line in quantity 1, starting in four hundred B.C.E. ("Ancient marketplace practices in Greece and Rome") and finishing in 2002 ("Euro replaces foreign money of 12 ecu nations"). adjoining to every time-line access, quantity and web page numbers element to additional information. All 3 volumes contain a identify record of articles and an inventory of 124 individuals with affiliations. quantity three includes a thesaurus; a source consultant (suggested books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and net sites); and long appendixes choked with charts and tables--"International exchange by means of Region" and "International exchange via Sector." quantity three additionally offers an index with major entries in daring. The index is the one position the reader will locate see additionally references tying similar entries jointly. greater than 70 black-and-white photographs accompany the textual content, yet a few, corresponding to someone peering carefully at a working laptop or computer video display, appear pointless.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Capitalism, Volumes 1-3
Inhabitants engaged in the cultivation and harvest of a wide range of seeds, fruits, tubers, and the wild nut-grass that is still grown today. In the beginning, subsistence farming was practiced, but as cultivation practices improved with invention and innovation of new farming practices and materials, including pottery, storage facilities, grindstones, sickles, wheels, ploughs, hoes, mattocks, ox-driven waterwheels, and cantilevered water-buckets to irrigate fields, SURPLUS production became possible and with it trade between kinship groups and eventually between communities throughout the region.
Historically, it was the SEC that took the initiative to work out detailed rules relating the recognition and measurement of accounting transactions and reporting them in the financial statements. However, the SEC very soon recognized that the development of accounting standards should be in the hands of the professional accountants. Since the late 1930s, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) gradually took over the major work of standard development through its sub-organizations.
It is also perceived as implicitly anti-capitalistic as it seeks to overthrow Eurocentrism, capitalism’s overarching and unifying ideology. A sublime Afrocentric response in the American context, however, was given by Du Bois, even before the current debate had formally started: “The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife, this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his 9 double self into a better and truer self. In this merging he wished neither of the older selves to be lost.