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By Silvio Cruschina

During this quantity Silvio Cruschina makes use of a comparative research to figure out the syntax of the practical projections linked to discourse-related beneficial properties, and to account for the marked note orders present in Romance-particularly within the fronting phenomena. numerous language-specific analyses of discourse-related phenomena were proposed within the literature, together with stories at the notions of subject and concentration in Romance, however the loss of a uniform definition of those notions, including diverse assumptions relating to the triggering positive aspects, has resulted in the notion that the Romance languages express many unique and heterogeneous houses with admire to dislocation and fronting structures. This quantity is meant to counterpoint the prevailing literature through integrating fresh paintings at the subject and through emphasizing unique and unifying reflections that mix and coordinate different components. Cruschina's investigations make clear primary notions comparable to subject, concentration, and distinction, drawing on new info from Sicilian, Sardinian, and different Romance forms.

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Extra resources for Discourse-Related Features and Functional Projections

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Another drawback of the MP edge-positions is that it requires the assumption of a stipulative root category R (Nissembaum 2000, cf. Rizzi 2005b, 2006b, for discussion) in order to guarantee the spell-out of the material at the edge of the C head in root clauses. According to the Phase Theory, the operation Spell-out applies D E F I N I T I O N A N D I M P L E M E N TAT I O N [ 33 ] in a cyclic manner (Chomsky 2001, 2005, cf. also Uriagereka 1999a, and Epstein et al. 1998). e. the complement) of a phase head, leaving its edge accessible to the next phase as a sort of escape hatch.

The activation of pragmatically defined criterial projections is thus the structural actuation of discourse-configurationality. 2 Focus Fronting Since SE forces all topic constituents to appear in peripheral positions requiring clitic resumption for all dislocated arguments, only new information elements are permitted to remain within the clause. Focus constituents, however, can also be extraposed when another information structure-related operation, namely, Focus Fronting (FF), causes IFoc to move to the left periphery.

The novelty/new information feature on IFoc indicates that the assertive part of the sentence, that is the focus of the sentence, must be interpreted as innovative and the most informative, in the sense that it contributes new and relevant information to the universe of discourse (cf. Calabrese 1982), or, making reference to the traditional file metaphor, adds a new card to the set of file cards representing the interlocutor’s knowledge. ) John bought [an Alfa Romeo]CFoc c) The pragmatic function of the focus.

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