By E. Spencer Wellhofer
Late Victorian Britain witnessed 3 demanding situations to its eighteenth-century Republican excellent: democracy, capitalism and ethnic nationalism. Calling upon the languages and debates of the interval, the ebook examines contending pictures of the social order with new facts analytic thoughts and knowledge. becoming a member of the contextual research of background to complex analytic options refutes average interpretations and offers a extra whole portrait of the interval. The conclusions on democratic transition have very important implications for realizing contemporary efforts to harvest democracy's rewards.
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Past due Victorian Britain witnessed 3 demanding situations to its eighteenth-century Republican perfect: democracy, capitalism and ethnic nationalism. Calling upon the languages and debates of the interval, the e-book examines contending photos of the social order with new facts analytic thoughts and data. becoming a member of the contextual learn of background to complex analytic thoughts refutes normal interpretations and gives a extra whole portrait of the interval.
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Extra resources for Democracy, Capitalism and Empire in Late Victorian Britain, 1885–1910
Some, like Lord Ashley in 1848, were keenly aware of change, but found little solace in the new language of markets and democracy: All things are tending to change. We are entering on a new political dispensation; and many of us probably will outlive the integrity of our aristocratic institutions. Men are talking, they k~ow not why, and they reflect not how, of this slight concession and that; of the 'enlargement of the franchise', and other vagaries. 16 Intense intellectual efforts were consumed endowing the market as the new natural order of society while the political realm was portrayed as constructed from human weakness and necessity.
65 The Registration Act, therefore, figured as another important element in the creation and disciplining of the mass electorate. The Ballot Act had made the vote a private matter, thereby removing voting from the public spectacle and helping to reduce corruption and violence at the polls. The Elimination of Corrupt Practices Act sought to reach areas not covered by previous efforts by regulating electoral practices more closely. Coupled to the Registration Act these made possible the expansion of the electorate in 1884, while limiting the scope of political life.
Abstract equality of individuals embodied no such natural community. From this reasoning equality of representation does not follow. 'The idea of electoral districts, or of distribution of seats based on upon exact equality of population, was bitterly decried by both parties. ' 33 Thus Russell, Walpole and Disraeli could reject population as a guide to representation because it would subvert the natural relationship to 30 Democracy, Capitalism and Empire property and thus the principle which ensured the harmony and hierarchy, the balance and moderation, the privilege and responsibility of the constitution.