Download De Ortu Grammaticae: Studies in medieval grammar and by Geoffrey L. Bursill-Hall, Sten Ebbesen, E.F.K. Koerner PDF

By Geoffrey L. Bursill-Hall, Sten Ebbesen, E.F.K. Koerner

The Danish student Jan Pinborg (1937-1982) made impressive contributions to our realizing of medieval language examine. The papers during this quantity sincerely reveal the wealth of Pinborg's scholarly pursuits and the level of his influence.Though based on medieval theories of grammar and language, the gathering levels in time from the fourth century B.C. to the 17th century A.D.; theories of the pronoun, of psychological language, of supposition, of figurative expressions and of mereology are one of the subject matters mentioned; and the papers care for either humble nameless lecturers of grammar and with such famous males as Aristotle, Plotinus, Augustine, Peter of Spain, Roger Bacon, Robert Kilwardby, Thomas Aquinas, Dante, William of Ockham, Domingo de Soto, and Suárez. The papers are in English, German, or French.

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Peter of Spain in his Summulae Logicales had focussed on the notion of a vox or utterance, so that the distinction between significative and non-significative was introduced only in a linguistic context (Peter of Spain 1972:1-2) and his commentators were thus given no incen­ tive to go beyond this context. 2ra). The only medieval exceptions to this trend in the field of linguistic sciences seem to have been Robert Kilwardby, who discussed signs as such in his grammatical work (Kilwardby 1975:1-7) and Roger Bacon who, when writing on logic, followed Augustine in firmly subor­ dinating the notion of a linguistic sign to the notion of a sign in general (Roger Bacon 1978:81-84; Pinborg 1981:405).

Warum hat man denn überhaupt ein Wort für eine so widerliche Sache geschaffen? Ad. : das Wort ist geschaffen, um eine Mitteilung über die Sache zu ermöglichen. Wieso aus dem Zeichen ein Wissen hervorgeht (scientia evenit), wird nicht 'DE MAGISTRO' 27 erklärt. A. Da das Wort für die Kenntnis einer Sache geschaffen sei, habe es geringeren Wert als diese, denn grundsätzlich sei alles, was für etwas da sei, niedrigeren Ranges als das, wofür es da sei (was sich auch theologisch nicht halten läßt). Es sind vorgegebene Überzeugungen dieser Art und eine Allgemeinheit und Abstraktheit des Denkens, die dem betrachteten Ge­ genstand, der Sprache, nicht gerecht werden.

25-53. Kuypers, K. 1934. Der Zeichen- und Wertbegriff im Denken Augustins. Amsterdam. A. 1957. " Phronesis 2. 60-83. Mayer, Cornelius Petrus, OSA. 1969. Die Zeichen in der geistigen Entwick­ lung und in der Theologie des jungen Augustinus. (= Cassiciacum, 24:1). Würzburg. G.. 1968. " Studies Present­ ed to Professor Roman Jakobson by his Students, ed. E. Gribble, 91-104. Cambridge, Mass. T. Ruef, Hans. 1980. Augustin über Semiotik und Sprache: Sprachtheoretische Analysen zu Augustins Schrift 'De Dialectica' mit einer deutschen Über­ setzung.

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