By Godfried Engbersen, Kees Schuyt, Jaap Timmer, Frans van Waarden
Within the Nineteen Eighties a staff of Dutch sociologists performed a examine at the way of life of unemployed within the Netherlands. They have been encouraged through the classical paintings Marienthal: the Sociology of an Unemployed group first released in 1933. The authors carried out 3 local experiences to research the social habit of the unemployed. in keeping with the paintings of Robert ok. Merton and Mary Douglas they built a typology of other cultures of unemployment. This typology remains to be suitable to research modern reactions to unemployment in eu welfare states. The authors additionally tested that their cultural research is fruitful to appreciate the heterogeneity of city marginality within the usa. A foreword by means of U.S. pupil William Julius Wilson emphasizes the universality of the tactic and the findings provided here.
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Additional info for Cultures of Unemployment: A Comparative Look at Long-Term Unemployment and Urban Poverty (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)
Ingle-inoome family with lwO childrcn Source: WRR 1990:123. Cultures of the Welfare State 29 The Netherlands is one of the richest countries in the world. It occupies the sixth place in the rank-order of EC countries by "GNP per head of the population" (1987 data). ) Even Sweden and Japan have a lower GNP per Iabor-year (WRR 1990). S. is higher on the scale. This figure indicates a high tabor-productivity rate in the Netherlands. The welfare state is responsible in two ways. First. all less-productive workers have been shut out off the production process by means of the unemployment and disability regulations.
This led in the last phase to a reorientation, which coincided with and was influenced again by foreign examples: the world-wide liberal backlash, manifesting itself in attempts at deregulation, privatization, and so on, and in general in a retreat of the state. The existing consociational and corporatist institutions and political culture in the Netherlands, however, proved to be rather persistent and retarded and minimized the domestic effect of this universal trend. S. or Australia, the Netherlands still cannot be called liberal.
This so called "social minimum" is derived from the legal minimum wage and amounts up to 70 percent for singles. 90 percent for single parents and lOO percent for coup les. The wwv (Une mployment Benefit Act) was abolished in 1987. Unt il then, unemployed who' s ww benefit was exhausted were entitled to a 70 percent wwv benefit for a maximum period of two years . The IOAW (Act on Income tor Older and Partly Disabled Worke rs. 1987) provides a supple mentary income for une mployed workers aged 50 and more.