Download Confronting Nature: T́he Sociology of Solar-Neutrino by Trevor Pinch (auth.) PDF

By Trevor Pinch (auth.)

`Is technological know-how a social development as Pinch continues? after all it's, since it developed via scientists. yet as Pinch's examine demonstrates, it truly is constituted of experimental facts, rational dialogue and feedback, and the inventiveness of scientists.'
British magazine for background of Science
`...he (Pinch) has produced a huge booklet that allows you to be worthy to historians of technological know-how, who will discover a sentive and designated heritage of an immense episode of contemporary technological know-how who are looking to discover a universal floor to debate the hypothetical specificity of sience vis-a-vis others cultural activities.'
Science, 235
`This is a way more readable account than common in texts at the sociology of technology, and its consciousness to ancient aspect is commendable.'
Physics Bulletin (1987)
`This publication is a really welcome contribution to the sociology and the modern historical past of science.'
Sociology, 23:3 (1989)

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Extra info for Confronting Nature: T́he Sociology of Solar-Neutrino Detection

Example text

The importance of the repeatability of experiments for separating valid from invalid knowledge claims in science has frequently been asserted by both scientists and philosophers of science. In terms of normative sociology - repeatability is a well institution- Explanation and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge 19 alised value. Scientists, it is sometimes claimed, being committed to the norm of repeatability, only accept experimental claims which are repeatable. If, during a scientific episode, we find that experimental claims are rejected because they cannot be repeated, then this, within the tradition of normative sociology, might be adduced as evidence of how norms constrain scientific action.

The ppilosopher sees no need of such special explanations, since for him or her it is the epistemological criteria which guarantee agreement. 7. Externalism Again Finally, having thus far outlined the type of explanation which the sociology of scientific knowledge attempts to provide in terms of internal factors, I would now like to return to the question of external factors. Provided external factors are treated in a way which is consistent with the symmetrical viewpoint, then there is no reason why they should not be included within the analysis.

This was the Cl 3 7 radiochemical technique which was to become the basis of Ray Davis's solar-neutrino detector. 52 Chapter 3 The advantage of using the C1 31 - Ar 31 reaction is that argon is a rare gas and hence is chemically inert. This facilitates its separation from the chlorine. Also, the Ar 31 decay is of a special type in which it captures its own K-shell electron. The emitted electron, known as an Auger electron, has a very short range which enables it to be more easily separated from background events in a Geiger counter.

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