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By Joanna A. Poyago-Theotoky

Innovation is an important contributory issue to monetary progress. How can or not it's inspired? One resolution favoured specifically in highly-competitive high-tech industries is cooperation in learn and improvement. The theoretical concerns raised through those joint ventures are tested in those essays which disguise all elements for development, expertise, festival and welfare. Contributions from the united kingdom, Europe, North the United States and Asia confirm a huge overseas method. there's an indepth learn of eu know-how policy.

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Additional info for Competition, Cooperation, Research and Development: The Economics of Research Joint Ventures

Sample text

If they do decide to apply for the subsidy then - assuming again that we have linear demand curves - the 50 per cent subsidy will achieve the optimum. However, if it is not worth applying for the subsidy, then the government by insisting that firms share information cannot achieve the social optimum. For if it raises the subsidy to induce correct information-sharing then it distorts the R&D decision. So while this policy may achieve the social optimum there is certainly no guarantee of this. Now let us tum to the case which is diametrically opposite to that we have just considered.

We assume that innovations (or discoveries) generate spillovers and we use 8 (8\, 82) to indicate the spillover parameters where 8/0 i 1,2, 0:5 8i :5 1 is the spillover parameter for finn i's discovery. = = The R&D Process R&D is a stochastic process with the amount of R&D chosen by each finn detennining the probability that it will make a discovery. Each finn's probability of discovery is independent of that of the other finn, so there is a chance that both will discover, that each alone will discover, and that neither will discover.

I) Non-Cooperative Equilibrium The non-cooperative equilibrium involves full research coordination. The reason is that if one firm increases its spillover, this increases the value of R&D to the rival firm, which will therefore increase its R&D thus increasing the benefit the first firm receives from any spillover from its rival. So here we have a case where full coordination can occur without any cooperation. (ii) Cooperative Equilibrium Once again firms will always choose to cooperate if they can, and so the cooperative equilibrium will involve full research coordination.

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