By Nathan J. Emery, Nicola S. Clayton (auth.), Lesley J. Rogers, Gisela Kaplan (eds.)
This booklet explores afresh the long-standing curiosity, and emphasis on, the `special' capacities of primates. the various contemporary discoveries of the better cognitive skills of different mammals and in addition birds problem the concept primates are exact or even the view that the cognitive skill of apes is extra complicated than that of nonprimate mammals and birds. it truly is accordingly well timed to invite even if primates are, actually, exact and to take action from a vast variety of views. Divided into 5 sections this booklet offers with subject matters approximately greater cognition and the way it really is manifested in several species, and in addition considers facets of mind constitution that will be linked to advanced habit.
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Additional info for Comparative Vertebrate Cognition: Are Primates Superior to Non-Primates?
T. I: 01 • ::IE 2 1 0 Observed In Private CACHING TREATMENT Figure 6. ) Mean (+ SEM) number of caches that were re-cached in new or old sites when either observed during caching or when cached in private, by (A) 0 + P group birds. (B) P group birds and (C) 0 group birds in Cambridge, UK. 05. Same statistical results when proportions were analyzed. Comparing the Complex Cognition of Birds and Primates 23 arms race of strategies and counter-strategies in relation to the hiding and stealing of food (such as experience projection and perspective taking).
And is there any evidence of future planning in other behaviors, in primates or in birds? THE PERILS OF PRIMATOCENTRISM AND "SCALA NATURAE" Why have primates achieved this special status when the evidence suggests that species of birds have cognitive abilities that are equal to or more sophisticated Comparing the Complex Cognition of Birds and Primates 37 than have been demonstrated for primates? We believe that this harks back to the beginnings of primatology as a discipline. Early studies of primates in zoos or the laboratory were performed to determine whether the cognitive abilities of primates could be compared to the cognitive abilities of humans (stemming from the evolutionary arguments of Darwin and others).
20 Nathan J. Emery and Nicola S. , to pilfer caches when given the opportunity), and use counter strategies to prevent this, by re-caching the worms in new sites. But being observed recently during caching could lead to an automatic tendency to re-cache when presented with the opportunity to do so at a later time, irrespective of whether the bird remembers anything specific about the caching event such as who was watching and where it had cached. An alternative explanation is that the bird remembers whether or not it had been watched during caching in a specific tray.