By Robert S. P. Beekes (Revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan)
This ebook supplies a accomplished creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts off with a presentation of the languages of the kin (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and starting place of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language switch and the equipment of reconstruction of older language levels, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). a whole description is given of the sound adjustments, which makes it attainable to stick with the beginning of the several Indo-European languages step-by-step. this can be by way of a dialogue of the advance of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The booklet provides the most recent in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic thought, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the remedy. The textual content of this moment variation has been corrected and up-to-date through Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new workouts let the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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Extra resources for Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd ed)
The Umbrian language is principally known from seven bronze tables discovered at Iguvium (now Gubbio), the ‘Tabulae Iguvinae’. They provide lithurgical instructions for the local religious brotherhood. The oldest of them are written in their own script, the youngest in the Latin alphabet. C. C. â•¯17). Second comes Oscan, which was actually more important than Umbrian. It was the language of the Samnites, in the middle and south of Italy. We have Oscan inscriptions, from the same period, which are written in its own script, in the Greek alphabet (south Italy was, of course, extensively colonized by the Greeks), and in Latin script.
At the present moment the number of speakers of Irish is very small. The other Celtic languages form one group, the British languages, that is to say, the Celtic languages of Britain (Mapâ•¯9). Celtic was spoken all throughout England, Wales and Scotland when the Romans arrived (with the possible exception of Pictish in the far north). D. British Celtic began to subdivide into Welsh, Cornish and Breton. These languages are all much simpler than Irish. Middle Welsh, like Irish, has a very rich literature which dates from the 12th century.
Palaic Palaic, which shows a few characteristics in which it is more archaic than Hittite, is only known from a few texts discovered at Boğazköy. â•‡ The Indo-European Family of Languages limited. It is the language of the land Palā, which may have to be situated to the northeast of Hattuša. c. Luwic Seven languages are more closely related to each other, the Luwic languages. Cuneiform Luwian is known from some 200 pieces of clay tablet from the Boğazköy archive. Since many of these pieces are small, our knowledge of the language is rather limited.