Download Collected Works, Volume 31: Marx 1861-63 by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels PDF

By Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels

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Volume 31 comprises the continuation of Marx's fiscal manuscript of 1861-63, its important part-"Theories of Surplus Value". the start of the manuscript is released in quantity 30 and the remainder of it seems that in volumes 32-34 of the current edition.

MECW info:

Marx/Engels accumulated Works (MECW) is the biggest choice of translations into English of the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It comprises all works released by way of Marx and Engels of their lifetimes and various unpublished manuscripts and letters. The accrued Works, which used to be translated through Richard Dixon and others, comprises 50 volumes. It used to be compiled and revealed among 1975 and 2005 by means of development Publishers (Moscow) in collaboration with Lawrence and Wishart (London) and foreign Publishers (New York).

The accrued Works comprises fabric written via Marx among 1835 and his loss of life in 1883, and by means of Engels among 1838 and his demise in 1895. The early volumes contain juvenilia, together with correspondence among Marx and his father, Marx's poetry, and letters from Engels to his sister. a number of volumes gather the pair's articles for the Neue Rheinische Zeitung.

Other volumes within the accumulated Works comprise famous works of Marx and Engels, together with The Communist Manifesto, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, and Capital, lesser-known works, and formerly unpublished or untranslated manuscripts. The accrued Works comprises thirteen volumes of correspondence through the mature Marx and Engels, overlaying the interval from 1844 via 1895.
Although the accumulated Works is the main whole selection of the paintings by means of Marx and Engels released to this point in English, it isn't their whole works. A undertaking to submit the pair's entire works in German is anticipated to require greater than one hundred twenty volumes.

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Extra resources for Collected Works, Volume 31: Marx 1861-63

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40 The Production Process of Capital as James Stuart says, then every economy in one "portion of profit" //so long as it is not achieved by the latter producer swindling the previous one, that is, by not paying him for the whole of the value contained in his commodity// is an economy in the quantity of labour required for the production of the commodity. // For example, if 2 days were required to bring raw materials—coal, for instance—from the pit to the factory, and now only 1 day is required, then there is an "economy" of 1 day's work, but this applies as much to that part of it which resolves into wages as to that which resolves into profit.

Profit, in the passages quoted, appears d'abord3 to bear a very strong resemblance to PROFIT UPON ALIENATION 10; but passons outre* Nothing is more wrong than to say that (if it is sold at its value) an article is "the produce of the same quantity of labour as before" and at the same time that by some circumstance or other "the cost of production of the article" can be "diminished". 23 In this case, it is indeed true that the capitalist makes his profit out of the unpaid surplus labour of his own workers just as he may also make it by underpaying the capitalist who supplies him with his constant capital, that is, by not paying this capitalist for a part of the surplus labour embodied in the commodity and not paid for by this capitalist (and which precisely for that reason constitutes his profit).

With regard to this wonderful illustration, we note d'abord that, as a result of a discovery, corn is supposed to be produced without seeds (raw materials) and without fixed capital; that is, without raw materials and without instruments of labour, by means of mere manual labour, out of air, water and earth. [VII-323] This absurd presupposition contains nothing but the assumption that a product can be produced without constant capital, that is, simply by means of newly added labour. In this case, what he set out to prove has of course been proved, namely, that profit and surplus value are identical, and consequently that the rate of profit depends solely on the ratio of surplus labour to necessary labour.

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