Download Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald PDF

By Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Just about all languages have a few grammatical skill for categorizing nouns. This ebook offers a accomplished and unique research of noun categorization units world wide. it is going to curiosity typologists, these operating within the fields of morphosyntactic version and lexical semantics, in addition to anthropologists and all different students attracted to the mechanisms of human cognition.

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Extra resources for Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)

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Barron and Serzisko (1982) describe article classifiers for Siouan languages. Further data from South American languages in support of the existence of deictic classifiers are given by Aikhenvald (1994a; forthcoming b). The existence of a special type of LOCATIVE classifier was first suggested by Allan (1977) (the term he used was 'intralocative'); his results were criticized by Croft (1994). g. Palikur (Arawak), Daw (Maku), and Ca rib languages (see Aikhenvald 1994a; 1996b). Up until now no systematic attempt has been made to consider multiple classifier systems in a cross-linguistic perspective (see Chapter 8 below).

G. 'do something on the surface', 'do something with hands', 'do moving up'). g. Rumsey 1982, for Ungarinjin; Silverstein 1986) which together with a 'main verb' (or 'eoverb') form a complex verb. 2) a main verb 'dig', 'sew', or 'spear' takes the classifier 'pierce'; and a verb such as 'take', or 'pick up' requires a classifier 'do with hands'. g. 'person' for people or 'animal' for animates), and the specific noun following it further specifies this reference. ), simple verbs may develop further semantic specifications whereby they start being used to characterize the particular kind of instrument or location.

In Katcha (Kordofanian: Heine 1982a: 200), any noun—unless it has a male referent—belongs to the feminine gender if it begins with m-. 2): nouns whose initial segment is /1/ or /d/ tend to be assigned to Class 2 (which includes animals), and nouns with the initial /m/ tend to be assigned to Class 3 (which covers plants), even if their reference lies outside the semantic domain of these classes. 4. Mixed principles of assignment No system of noun classes is completely devoid of semantic motivation.

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