By Joon Bu Park (auth.)
This booklet is written for college students who desire a operating wisdom within the box of implant fabrics. evidently, the interdisciplinary nature of this topic has been a tremendous predicament in writing a publication of this nature. In scripting this booklet, i've got tried to hide either organic and nonbiological (man-made) fabrics for visible purposes. therefore, this booklet will be divided into 3 parts-man-made fabrics, organic fabrics, and implant fabrics. the elemental structure-property courting is handled firstly, through the organic fabrics. Implant fabrics or biomaterials as such should not tremendously assorted from different man-made fabrics. consequently, their acceptability within the physique is emphasised. additionally, the explanations for a specific implant layout and its fabric choice were given targeted cognizance. An attempt is made to transform all of the devices into SI devices even supposing one or 10 exceptions are made corresponding to A (= 10- m). additionally a few abbreviations reminiscent of vlo (volume percent) and wlo (weight percent) are used for brevity. to hide the wide variety of topics handled during this publication, i've got used numerous unique and assessment articles in addition to my very own examine proposals. A conscientious attempt has been made to offer credits to the unique resources. credits is given within the captions ofthe illustrations. For the occasional oversight of a few tables and figures that can no longer be traced, the writer deals his apologies.
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Additional resources for Biomaterials: An Introduction
Which metal becomes cathode~ b. What is the maximum electrode potential that can be developed? 52 volt maximum potential METALS AND ALLOYS 57 4-9. The dental amalgam is an alloy of silver and tin as shown in the following figure for their phase diagram. a. Sn). b. Fill in the missing phases of (a) to (t). 1000 NO~ . ) 20 S 10) ao 40 10 100 So COMPOSITON ('lOOt) Phase diagram of Ag - Sn. Answers a. 84 w/o, tin) This is the weight percent of tin in the Ag-Sn amalgam (y phase). b. (a) a +L (b) f3 + L (c) y +L (d) y + 0 (e) f3 + y (t) a + f3 FURTHER READING L.
Which of the following materials will fit closely the three stress-strain curves of Figure 2-5? a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Ceramics and glasses Plastics (polymer) such as polyethylene Glassy polymers such as Plexiglass® (polymethylmethacrylate) Soft tissues such as skin or blood vessel walls Hard mineral tissues of bone and teeth Steels Rubber bands Answers Hard-brittle: a, c, e Ductile-tough: b, f Ductile-soft: d, g 2-2. Poisson's ratio (v) is defined by the following expression for a cubic isotropic material: v=-~=-§!
Line defects. The displacement is perpendicular to the edge dislocation but parallel to the screw dislocation (left-hand side). The unit length (b) has magnitude and direction; it is called a Burgers vector. 36 CHAPTER 3 Figure 3-11. Midsection of a femoral component of a hip joint implant which shows grains (Co-Cr alloy). Notice the size distribution along the stem and from the core to th e su rface. stronger than the coarser one for a given material because the former contains more grain boundaries which in turn interfere with the movement of atoms during deformation, resulting in a stronger material.