Download Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology by Jean-Paul Sartre PDF

By Jean-Paul Sartre

Born in Paris in 1905, Sartre was once a professor of philosophy whilst he joined the French military on the outbreak of worldwide warfare II. Captured via the Germans, he was once published, after approximately a yr, in 1941. He instantly joined the French resistance as a journalist. within the postwar period Jean-Paul Sartre - thinker, critic, novelist, and dramatist - grew to become the most influential males of this century. He died in Paris in 1980.

Show description

Read or Download Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology PDF

Best existentialism books

Modern French Philosophy: From Existentialism to Postmodernism

From Dadaisk to May'68 and past, this fundamental spouse offers not just an summary of 1 of the main intellectually fertile classes of eu heritage, but additionally a considerable perception into the varied minds in the back of glossy French philosophy. In a gently dependent and obtainable demeanour, Robert Wicks offers concise debts of person philosophers either well-known and not more recognized, prior and current, introducing their significant works and explaining their effect on their friends and the broader international.

Martin Heidegger and the Problem of Historical Meaning

Now in paperback, this crucial ebook explores the principal position of old suggestion within the complete variety of Heidegger’s notion, either the early writings top as much as Being and Time, and after the "reversal" or Kehre that inaugurated his later paintings. Barash examines Heidegger’s perspectives on background in a richly constructed context of debates that transpired within the early 20th-century German philosophy of background.

Interpreting Heidegger: Critical Essays

This quantity of essays through across the world trendy students translates the whole diversity of Heidegger's inspiration and significant severe interpretations of it. It explores such critical topics as hermeneutics, facticity and Ereignis, sense of right and wrong in Being and Time, freedom within the writings of his interval of transition from primary ontology, and his mature criticisms of metaphysics and ontotheology.

Extra resources for Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology

Example text

And so at last in Part Four we return to the In-itself. We are concerned with the In-itself from two fundamental points of view. First, how can we be in the midst of the In-itself without losing our freedom. Here we find the fullest exposition of Sartre’s ideas on freedom and facticity. Second, we discover that our fundamental relation to Being is such that we desire to appropriate it through either action, possession, or the attempt to become one with it. Analysis of these reactions leads us to the question of our original choice of Being, and it is here that Sartre outlines for us his existential psychoanalysis.

And here desire is positive, if at all, only on the intervening levels. As compared with Plato, Sartre’s view might appear the more negative (whether true or not is, of course, another question). If compared with Epicurus, on the other hand, Sartre’s position is seen to be definitely opposed to a philosophy which advocated the repression of all but the most moderate desires. Ataraxia is about as far removed from the existentialist ideal of passionate commitment as one can get. The divergency becomes still more apparent if we compare Sartre’s view with that of certain Eastern philosophies which identify desire with suffering and advocate the total annihilation of desire as a means of salvation.

P. 111) The interiority of the pre-reflective consciousness consists in the fact that for it to know itself and to be are the same; but this pure interiority can only be lived, not contemplated. ” When consciousness tries to turn back upon itself and contemplate itself, it can reflect on this interiority but only by making it an object. The Ego is the interiority of consciousness when reflected upon by itself. Although it stands as an object-pole of the unreflective attitude, it appears only in the world of reflection.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.17 of 5 – based on 17 votes