Download Athanasius of Alexandria: Bishop, Theologian, Ascetic, by David M. Gwynn PDF

By David M. Gwynn

Athanasius of Alexandria (c.295-373) is likely one of the maximum and so much debatable figures of early Christian background. His lifestyles spanned the interval of primary switch for the Roman Empire and the Christian Church that the conversion of Constantine the nice, the 1st Christian Roman emperor. A bishop and theologian, an ascetic and a pastoral father, Athanasius performed a important position in shaping Christianity in those an important youth. As bishop of Alexandria (328-73) he fought to unite the divided Egyptian Church and encouraged admiration and competition alike from fellow bishops and the emperor Constantine and his successors. Athanasius attended the 1st ecumenical Council of Nicaea summoned by means of Constantine in 325 and as a theologian will be remembered because the defender of the unique Nicene Creed opposed to the 'Arian' heresy. He used to be additionally a champion of the ascetic move that remodeled Christianity, a client of clergymen and virgins and the writer of various ascetic works together with the recognized lifetime of Antony. these kinds of parts performed their half in Athanasius' vocation as a pastoral father, liable for the actual and religious well being of his congregations. This ebook bargains the 1st examine in English to attract jointly those various but inseparable roles that outlined Athanasius' existence and the impact that he exerted on next Christian culture. The presentation is obtainable to either experts and non-specialists and is illuminated all through by means of vast citation from Athanasius' many writings, for it really is via his personal phrases that we may well top technique this outstanding guy.

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Extra info for Athanasius of Alexandria: Bishop, Theologian, Ascetic, Father

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This was aided by the geography and history of Egypt itself, which favoured centralization to a greater extent than in other regions of the eastern Mediterranean. Ever since her foundation by Alexander the Great, Alexandria had been the centre of Egyptian government under both Ptolemaic and Roman rule. Within her sphere of influence the metropolis on the Nile Delta was by far the largest urban centre, unlike her occasional rival Antioch in Syria, whose bishops never achieved the same local power over the surrounding cities.

He represented the local community in Church gatherings, before imperial officials, and in the presence of the emperor. In this chapter the focus falls primarily upon Athanasius’ involvement in the ecclesiastical politics of his age. It is a story of councils and episcopal rivalries, monastic alliances, and ever-shifting relations between the Alexandrian bishop and the imperial power. The story may be complicated, but it is important both for the history of the fourth-century Church and as the setting that shaped Athanasius’ life and thought.

On 7 November 335 the bishop departed into exile in Gaul. BETWEEN EAST AND WEST: THE FIRST AND SECOND EXILES (335–46) We hear very little about Athanasius’ first experience of exile. 26 He suffered no physical mistreatment, and on his arrival in Gaul he resided in Trier, the imperial residence of Constantine’s oldest son Constantine II, whom he befriended. There he waited for the opportunity to return home. 27 Constantine II, now the senior emperor in the west, provided Athanasius with a letter of recommendation, and the bishop set out for the east.

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