Download Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and by Bernard Comrie PDF

By Bernard Comrie

This used to be the 1st e-book i have ever learn completely on verbal element, and its crystal transparent definitions are really easy to persist with. It conscientiously talks concerning the which means of point, the perfective/imperfective contrast, and pretty well every thing you have to learn about this subject (such as similar morphology and mixed tense/aspect oppositions).

The merely the reason is, I rated it four instead of five is simply because many examples haven't been competently glossed, and that i needed to depend on my previous wisdom of many brought up languages (which I reckon should not have happened).

Show description

Read Online or Download Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) PDF

Similar grammar books

Mapping spatial PPS : the cartography of syntactic structures

Mapping Spatial PPs makes a speciality of a specific element of the interior syntax of prepositional words that has been rather missed in prior stories: the fine-grained articulation in their constitution. With contributions from most sensible students within the box, this quantity investigates such parts as path, situation, axial half, deictic middle, absolute (ambiental) and relative view element, utilizing proof from Romance, Germanic, and African languages, with references to different language households.

Mapping the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 5

Mapping the Left outer edge, the 5th quantity in "The Cartography of Syntactic Structures," is totally dedicated to the practical articulation of the so-called complementizer method, the top a part of sentence constitution. The papers amassed the following determine, at the foundation of considerable empirical proof, new atoms of sensible constitution, which encode particular beneficial properties which are usually expressed within the left outer edge.

Endocentric structuring of projection-free syntax

Endocentric Structuring of Projection-free Syntax places ahead a unique thought of syntax that rigidly adheres to the main of minimum Computation, during which a few conventional yet extraneous conditions reminiscent of referential indices and representational labels/projections are eradicated. It in particular articulates the overarching speculation that each syntactic item consists by means of recursive, phase-by-phase embedding of the endocentric constitution {H, α}, the place H is a head lexical merchandise and α is one other syntactic item (order irrelevant).

Additional resources for Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)

Example text

One could further claim tliat the choice between ingressive and stative interpreta­ tion is determined by the context, rather than by any special proviso that such perfective forms can have ingressive meaning. g. the Progressive he is just sitting down. One cannot, however, use know i n this way ( "'he's knowing what's happening), nor the similar forms from the other langua ges. Know thus differs from realise, which refers explicitly to entry into a new situation, and can be used in the Progressive (he's slowly realising what's happening).

E. no t *1 am seeing you there under the table, or *you aren ' t hearing. 3 In these particular cases, the relevant factor seema to be th at it is possible to view raining, seeing, hearing, etc. , either as states or as non-states (dynamic situations) : different psychological theories differ as to just how active a process perception is, and there is n o reason to suppose that language presupposes the answer by un i quely cl a ssi fyi ng perception as either a state or a dynami c situation. 4 1 More so in the other languages than in English, where many stative verbs also appear in the Progressive ; see further below.

Vhere there is no other overt marker of habituality, it is possible in Russian to introduce such sentences by byvalo, literally ' it used to be ', which establishes habituality, then continuing with the aspectual values. 2 In Bulgarian, with its more profuse set of aspectual forms, use can be made here of the difference between the two oppositions Perfective! g. stom puknele (Pfv. Imperfect) zorata, izkarvax ovcite navan ' as soon as dawn broke, I used to drive the sheep out '," where the P e'rfective This example is from Rassudova ( 1 968 : so).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.19 of 5 – based on 46 votes