Download Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids by Olga Kuzmina, Jason Hallett PDF

By Olga Kuzmina, Jason Hallett

Application, Purification, and restoration of Ionic Liquids offers a finished assessment of the use of ionic drinks (IL). The booklet offers an outline of the equipment used for restoration and purification of ILs, a precis of the industrial facets of utilizing ILs, and a evaluation at the toxicity information of ILs.

It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers operating with ILs, their homes, and usages. The ebook not just describes the chemical elements, however the monetary and environmental elements besides, making it of specific curiosity to execs employing this technology.

  • Chapters written by means of scientists in academia and researchers in undefined, making sure insurance of either the clinical fundaments and business applications
  • A unmarried resource of knowledge for a huge choice of restoration and purification methods
  • Provides info on utilizing ionic beverages as eco-friendly solvents
  • Includes financial facets of restoration and reuse of ionic beverages

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Extra info for Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids

Sample text

It may also have the function of transmitting forces, transporting foreign particles, or heating or cooling the surfaces. There are many studies about the performance of different ILs in tribology as lubricants; the ILs used in this field are composed of imidazolium, ammonium, pyridinium, and phosphonium cations, and Cl−, Br−, [BF4]−, and [PF6]− anions, with different alkyl substituents on the cations. , 2007). The most common ILs are composed of imidazolium cations with [BF4]− and [PF6]− as the anion.

2008) and finally, Rodríguez-Cabo et al. 9228. , 1999). Visser et al. synthesized cations based on urea or thiourea, which showed good distribution ratios for Hg2+ and Cd2+. Gold complexes were removed from water by Papaiconomou et al. (2012) with [C8C1im][NTf2] ILs, which showed good distribution coefficients for [AuBr4]−. , 2015). Carda-Broch et al. compared the extraction capability of [C4C1im][PF6] in the system [C4C1im][PF6]/water with octanol/water for acidic, basic, and neutral compounds.

Lahtinen et al. studied the reactivity of lignin model compounds (2,6-dimethoxyphenol and conyferyl alcohol) in [(C1=C2)C1im]Cl by the enzyme Melanocarpus albomyces laccase. The oxidation of 2,6­-dimethoxyphenol and coniferyl alcohol was achieved resulting in a mixture of different compounds. , 2013). 6 Lignin Structure Common Linkages. (a) b–b, (b) b-O-4, and (c) b-5. , and Liu et al. worked on the direct oxidation of lignin in ILs. Stärk et al. used Mn, Fe, and Cu salts as catalyst in four different ionic liquids: [C2C1im][OTf], [C1C1im][MeSO4], [C2C1im] [EtSO4], and [C2C1im][MeSO3] and different extractive solvents (toluene, dichloromethane (DCM), and ethyl acetate (EtOAc)), which extract the products from the aqueous phase after the reaction.

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