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By Paul R. Kroeger

Masking either syntax (the constitution of words and sentences) and morphology (the constitution of words), this ebook equips scholars with the instruments and techniques had to learn grammatical styles in any language. scholars are proven the best way to use common notational units comparable to word constitution bushes and word-formation ideas, in addition to prose descriptions. Emphasis is put on evaluating different grammatical platforms of the world's languages, and scholars are inspired to perform the analyses via a various diversity of challenge units and workouts.

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2. The capital letters here indicate that the vowel quality in the suffix depends on the vowels in the root. 3. Portemanteau is a French word meaning ‘coat rack,’ while the English form portmanteau is used in to refer to a kind of suitcase. In linguistics, this label is intended to indicate that a single morpheme expresses several concepts at once, just as a coat rack (or a suitcase) can hold several coats at the same time. 4. See ch. 15 for a fuller discussion. 25 3 Constituent structure In chapter 1 we noted that morphology (the study of word structures) and syntax (the study of phrase and sentence structures) are generally treated as separate sub-fields in linguistics.

3. Portemanteau is a French word meaning ‘coat rack,’ while the English form portmanteau is used in to refer to a kind of suitcase. In linguistics, this label is intended to indicate that a single morpheme expresses several concepts at once, just as a coat rack (or a suitcase) can hold several coats at the same time. 4. See ch. 15 for a fuller discussion. 25 3 Constituent structure In chapter 1 we noted that morphology (the study of word structures) and syntax (the study of phrase and sentence structures) are generally treated as separate sub-fields in linguistics.

Of course, the same is true in English (13) and a large number of other languages. ” Charles Hockett (1958) gave a definition of this term which is often quoted: Morphemes are the smallest individually meaningful elements in the utterances of a language. There are two crucial aspects of this definition. First, a morpheme is meaningful. ’ However, this association of form with meaning can be somewhat flexible. We will see various ways in which the phonological shape of a morpheme may be altered to some extent in particular environments, and there are some morphemes whose meaning may depend partly on context.

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