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By Margaret D. LeCompte University of Colorado Boulder, Jean J. Schensul Institute for Community Research

Treating research as either a mechanical and a cognitive procedure, booklet five starts off by means of describing why research and interpretation of knowledge are beneficial. within the first chapters the booklet issues out the significance of starting ethnographic research within the box, throughout the earliest phases of knowledge assortment, and the way to maneuver among induction and deduction, the concrete and the summary, in a technique educated by means of an rising and more and more sophisticated conceptual version. the center part tackles the problem of reworking large piles of textual content, audio, and visible info into
an ethnographic complete via well-known and particular coding and quantification of qualitative information, utilizing a number of prolonged examples. Chapters exhibit how one can use desktops in research of qualitative info and how you can combine the result of quantitative and qualitative facts right into a accomplished photo of a fancy complete. bankruptcy nine offers a unprecedented and finished description of the statistics
regularly utilized by ethnographers to research ethnographic surveys. Chapters 10 and eleven exhibit how researchers create after which fine-tune initial effects into an built-in complete, reveal them for a number of audiences, and write them up. the ultimate bankruptcy illustrates how ethnographers can proportion the which means of effects with neighborhood groups and parts and with different specialist researchers.

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Having a big chunk of data already analyzed can be a morale booster for the researcher. In other cases, conceptual factors dictate analyzing one 8/21/12 1:08 PM A NA LYS I S A ND I NTE R P RE TATIO N type of data prior to another, as, for example, when initial exploratory work must be done to identify a population or language style, explain a process, or specify a problem before additional data are collected. Thus, in mixed designs, analysis of qualitative data may be done before analysis of quantitative data so as to contribute to a plan for collection of quantitative data, or both kinds of data may be collected simultaneously, or quantitative data collection may lead to the need for qualitative data collection so as to explicate results.

Jottings on a piece of paper, an envelope, or a small notebook carried in a pocket or purse are the first step in transferring mental notes to field notes. Pelto would argue that no anthropologist should leave the house without a pen or pencil and a small 2-inch × 3-inch spiral-bound notebook kept in a convenient location like a pocket or a front purse flap. Jottings kept in this notebook are dated and consist of words, brief quotes or bits of quotes, as well as small maps or other mnemonic devices that guide the researcher to recall what took place and what to record in greater detail later on.

Wolcott really does not mean that ethnographers lose data when they analyze them; rather, the raw data are examined closely, parsed, coded, counted, tallied, and summarized so that what the ethnographer ends up with are much more concise collections of “crunched” data (LeCompte and Goetz 1982) rather than piles of interviews and file cabinets full of field notes. Crunching data is the first stage in the production of results, which simply are the facts of the case or the story to be told. In practice, several stages of crunching may be necessary before results actually emerge.

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