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By M. A. K. Halliday

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In German, in contrast, manner and clausal interpretations are distinguished morphologically for most adverbs, with the suffix -(er)weise marking clausal readings. Er hat schlauerweise geantwortet. ’ (Ge)  Optimizing Adverb Positions Ernst (2002) claims that manner and clausal readings can be distinguished by ­comparison classes. 53), Sue is judged as rude because of her leaving, as opposed to other things of any sort she could have done (including in particular not leaving). g. because she left without saying good-bye or by slamming the door.

Ge)  Optimizing Adverb Positions Ernst (2002) claims that manner and clausal readings can be distinguished by ­comparison classes. 53), Sue is judged as rude because of her leaving, as opposed to other things of any sort she could have done (including in particular not leaving). g. because she left without saying good-bye or by slamming the door. In this sense, manner adverbs operate on SPECIFIED EVENTs: The event is compared to other events of the type denoted by the verb. 9 This prediction is borne out.

IP Johnj hasi [FP probably ti [AuxP ti [VP tj made many mistakes]]]] **! c. [IP Johnj hasi [FP probably e [AuxP ti [VP tj made many mistakes]]]] *! * Note that adverb placement in specifier position is not ruled out as such. It is predicted to be possible if explicitly required by some constraint that dominates  Optimizing Adverb Positions ObHd and Stay-X0. 18) requires ­occurrence of a non-subject wh-phrase in SpecCP (cf. Grimshaw 1997; G. 18) Wh in Specifier Position (WhSpec) A wh-phrase occurs in the highest specifier position of the clause in which it takes scope.

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