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By Josh Gregory,Kathleen Petelinsek

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Example text

One could further claim tliat the choice between ingressive and stative interpreta­ tion is determined by the context, rather than by any special proviso that such perfective forms can have ingressive meaning. g. the Progressive he is just sitting down. One cannot, however, use know i n this way ( "'he's knowing what's happening), nor the similar forms from the other langua ges. Know thus differs from realise, which refers explicitly to entry into a new situation, and can be used in the Progressive (he's slowly realising what's happening).

E. no t *1 am seeing you there under the table, or *you aren ' t hearing. 3 In these particular cases, the relevant factor seema to be th at it is possible to view raining, seeing, hearing, etc. , either as states or as non-states (dynamic situations) : different psychological theories differ as to just how active a process perception is, and there is n o reason to suppose that language presupposes the answer by un i quely cl a ssi fyi ng perception as either a state or a dynami c situation. 4 1 More so in the other languages than in English, where many stative verbs also appear in the Progressive ; see further below.

Vhere there is no other overt marker of habituality, it is possible in Russian to introduce such sentences by byvalo, literally ' it used to be ', which establishes habituality, then continuing with the aspectual values. 2 In Bulgarian, with its more profuse set of aspectual forms, use can be made here of the difference between the two oppositions Perfective! g. stom puknele (Pfv. Imperfect) zorata, izkarvax ovcite navan ' as soon as dawn broke, I used to drive the sheep out '," where the P e'rfective This example is from Rassudova ( 1 968 : so).

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