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By Seong H. Kim, Michael T. Dugger, Kash L. Mittal

Phenomena linked to the adhesion interplay of surfaces were a serious element of micro- and nanosystem improvement and function because the first MicroElectroMechanicalSystems(MEMS) have been fabricated. those phenomena are ubiquitous in nature and are found in all structures, in spite of the fact that MEMS units are fairly delicate to their results as a result of their small measurement and constrained actuation strength which may be Read more...

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The product of the meniscus area and the Laplace pressure, equal to the capillary force, remains finite and decreases as the liquid contact angle increases. However, the validity of the continuum theory is questionable in this low pressure regime. 03. 03. 4. Conclusion The importance of taking into account the adsorbate film is explained theoretically. Unless the partial pressure of the molecule in the gas phase (p/psat ) is extremely low (as in ultra-high vacuum conditions), the adsorbate film will exist on the solid surface.

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As p/psat → 1, the thickness of disjoining layer becomes negligible compared to the Kelvin radius. Here, Fc /(4πRγ ) in Fig. 6(c) decreases below one for all values of R. At point 1, this can be understood because as the Kelvin radius becomes very large, Fs is limited by the size of the sphere while Fp approaches zero. This effect is, therefore, more noticeable as R decreases. As p/psat decreases below 1, Fc /(4πRγ ) increases above 1. In this realm, the disjoining layer thickness adds substantially to the meniscus area.

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