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By Baruch Elimelech

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Example text

4 I believe THAT government SHOULD BE VERY strong TO DO THOSE things WHICH ONLY government CAN DO. 5 IT IS undoubtedly THE case THAT THE sciences ARE organized bodies OF The effects of the medium 37 knowledge AND THAT IN ALL OF THEM A classification OF THEIR materials INTO significant types OR kinds (AS IN biology, THE classification OF living things INTO species) IS AN indispensable task. Nagel (1979) The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation (London: Routledge), p.

None of this preparation has been done for us in the reversed version. We start with the very startling remark about now and then get the reasoning as we go on, very much as if we were to read the theorem backwards, or started with the flashback in a story. The sequencing of a text, then, has to do with the way we handle the reader’s or listener’s understanding. How far do we plunge in with new unexplained things? How far do we fill in what we understand that the reader will need to know if they are to grasp the new material or striking events we want to bring in?

Coetzer got through with his share of blows. It was a hard close first round. The report, of course, is in a written medium which allows the writer to cross things out and experiment with drafts until satisfied. The commentator has to compose on his feet, and mention things before their outcomes are apparent. Also, the and…and form is characteristic of spoken language, the use of dependent structures typical of economical planned writing. DENSITY A very important difference between most spoken and most written texts is the relatively greater density of meaning the latter tends to have.

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