Download A grammar of Eastern Khanty by Andrey Yury Filchenko PDF

By Andrey Yury Filchenko

A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous jap Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language family members has been built. The examine bases at the corpus of traditional narrative discourse, and is determined in a common cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language process and provides a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language info. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of easy and complicated clauses. within the zone of phonology, such systematic gains as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the process is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, japanese Khanty styles as a standard SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical gains contain non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative development opposed to the final historical past of Nom-Acc approach of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical relatives, jap Khanty exhibits robust choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, commonly mapped onto Agent semantic function. This choice continues to be dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that normally has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and merchandising of the non-Agent. research of japanese Khanty complicated clauses finds powerful use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal techniques of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate varieties in response to morphosyntactic standards seems insufficient, divorced from the structural variety of the saw complicated clauses. Cognitive-functional technique is used in its place, implying a common manner of construal of associated occasions, beautiful to cognitive kinfolk among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural potential. This ends up in a continuum of combinable positive aspects finding every one clause when it comes to both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage suggestions are with regards to the pragmatic differentiation of knowledge in utterances, with pragmatics, details structuring features being on the middle of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.

Show description

Read Online or Download A grammar of Eastern Khanty PDF

Best grammar books

Mapping spatial PPS : the cartography of syntactic structures

Mapping Spatial PPs makes a speciality of a specific point of the inner syntax of prepositional words that has been fairly ignored in earlier reviews: the fine-grained articulation in their constitution. With contributions from best students within the box, this quantity investigates such elements as course, situation, axial half, deictic middle, absolute (ambiental) and relative view aspect, utilizing facts from Romance, Germanic, and African languages, with references to different language households.

Mapping the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 5

Mapping the Left outer edge, the 5th quantity in "The Cartography of Syntactic Structures," is solely dedicated to the sensible articulation of the so-called complementizer approach, the top a part of sentence constitution. The papers amassed the following establish, at the foundation of considerable empirical proof, new atoms of useful constitution, which encode particular beneficial properties which are often expressed within the left outer edge.

Endocentric structuring of projection-free syntax

Endocentric Structuring of Projection-free Syntax places ahead a unique conception of syntax that rigidly adheres to the primary of minimum Computation, within which a couple of conventional yet extraneous conditions similar to referential indices and representational labels/projections are eradicated. It particularly articulates the overarching speculation that each syntactic item consists by way of recursive, phase-by-phase embedding of the endocentric constitution {H, α}, the place H is a head lexical merchandise and α is one other syntactic item (order irrelevant).

Extra resources for A grammar of Eastern Khanty

Example text

When "the autonomous event component is evoked or profiled independently" (1991b:389). g. g. *John is falling the tree. I argue that this account violates the more subtle distinction in English clause grammar. From Langacker's account it follows logically that something that is conceptually dependent cannot be isolated in an absolute construal, as witnessed by his examples. (17)a. The wind caused the tree to fall over. b. The tree fell over. c. *The wind caused. e. in the absence of any external force" (1991b:287).

Let us return now to the difference between the transitive and the ergative systems, which Langacker characterizes in terms of the distinct construal paths. The participants marked NOM and ABS (or their equivalents in languages without overt case marking) are usually zero-marked, which indicates that they are the conceptual building blocks of the transitive and ergative systems respectively, as is also indicated in Figure 3. The natural construal model for the transitive system is the action chain.

May all refer to the same event, yet differ in the way this event is conceptualized. A case in point is the following example: (8) I protested against Hitler's anti-Jew laws. He killed off six million of us! (LDC). in which Hitler is coded as the agent directly responsible, despite the fact that in reality he was quite remote to the actual killing. e. when the conceptualization is iconic for the semantics of the participant-process relation in the grammatical construal (cf. below). Another problem of the iconicity principle is that while it holds for kill, it does not hold for all lexical causatives.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.38 of 5 – based on 10 votes