Download A Grammar of Basque by José Ignacio Hualde, Jon Ortiz de Urbina PDF

By José Ignacio Hualde, Jon Ortiz de Urbina

Because the simply surviving pre-Indo-European language of western Europe, Basque has frequently attracted the curiosity of linguists. while, ordinarily, descriptive paintings on Basque has basically serious about morphological positive factors, together with its advanced procedure of verb-argument contract and its strict ergative trend of inflection, over the past 20 years a brand new iteration of Basque linguists has produced very refined, theoretically-informed paintings on many elements of the syntax, morphology and phonology of the language, revealing, for example, a technique of focalization with many attention-grabbing houses and the life in a few dialects of an accentual procedure strikingly just like that of ordinary jap. The ebook, bringing jointly this collected wisdom at the constitution of Basque, is significantly extra entire than the other latest grammar of the language. one other attention-grabbing characteristic of this grammar is that the outline is illustrated with fully-glossed examples extracted from a number of written assets. even supposing the point of interest is the trendy usual language, dialectal beneficial properties are thought of intimately and examples are taken from all dialects and sessions.

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In Navarre, the land of the Vascones of Roman times, the ancient presence of the language in most of its territory is confirmed by the toponyms. Epigraphic evidence includes an inscription from the Roman period containing the name VMME SAH AR, interpretable as modern Basque ume zahar 'old child'. In the medieval Kingdom of Navarre, the most important political entity Basques have ever constituted for themselves, Basque was the language of the majority of the population, but it was never given the status of official or written language.

G. aldare 'altar', Lat tempora > denbora 'time'. g. g. anker 'cruel', malko 'tear', txilko 'navel' (some of which most likely were morphologically complex words originally). Inflectional and some derivational suffixes beginning with a voiceless stop undergo voicing in this context (cf. 5). g. common aide 'side', R alte-, common igande, R igante 'Sunday'; common ongi, R otiki 'well' (from on 'good' + -ki 'ADV'). g. arto 'corn, maize', ardo 'wine'. The distribution of voiceless and voiced stops is summarized in table 4.

1. 2. 2. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Text 5 Sources of examples References Index 851 851 856 859 860 868 872 872 872 874 881 887 893 893 897 903 906 912 915 922 935 Chapter 1 Introduction J. I. 1. The Basque language and its name The word 'Basque' derives, through French, from the name of the Vascones, a nation or tribe that in Roman times occupied an area of the Iberian Peninsula including most of present-day Navarre and neighboring parts of Aragon. Whereas, on the one hand, possibly not all Vascones were Basquespeaking (both non-Indo-European Iberian and Indo-European Celtiberian appear to have been used in parts of their territory) and, on the other hand, Pre-Basque and related languages seem to have been also spoken by some other neighboring nations (at least the Aquitanians in Gaul, see Gorrochategui 1995), in medieval times the name Vascones became identified with the speakers of the direct ancestor of the language we know as Basque.

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