Download A Concise Introduction to Syntactic Theory: The by Elizabeth A. Cowper PDF

By Elizabeth A. Cowper

This textbook is meant to offer scholars a short begin in utilizing idea to handle syntactic questions. At every one degree, Cowper is cautious to introduce a theoretical gear that's not more advanced than is needed to house the phenomenon into account. complete and updated, this obtainable quantity also will offer a very good refresher for linguists returning to the learn of Government-Binding theory". Cowper shows the analytical units of present principles-and-parameters ways, takes readers conscientiously during the imperative components of grammatical idea (including very fresh work), and ushers them selectively into the technical literature. . . . a significant creation if you happen to need to know the nuts and bolts of syntactic idea and to work out why linguists are so excited those days". -David Lightfoot, collage of Maryland "An very good brief advent to the govt and Binding version of syntactic idea. . . . Cowper's paintings succeeds in instructing syntactic argumentation and in displaying the conceptual purposes at the back of particular proposals in smooth syntactic theory". -Jaklin Kornfilt, Syracuse college

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This one. (one = big rabbit on the shelf) b. this little one. (one = rabbit on the shelf) c. this one on the table. (one = big rabbit) d. this little one on the table. (one = rabbit) Upon careful examination of the various phrases that must be N', we find ourselves in an apparently impossible situation. There is no way that big rabbit can form an N' excluding on the shelf, while at the same time rabbit on the shelf forms an N' excluding big. We must have at least two possible structures for the noun phrase in (51) to account for all of the facts in (51a-d).

We will adopt the hypothesis that particles are really intransitive prepositions, while acknowledging that many details remain to be worked out. The phrase structure rule for PP can now be stated as in (22), the generalization in (11) can be maintained, and the category particle can be eliminated from the grammar. (22) PP ~ P (NP) Given this analysis, we can now say that in all of the cases examined so far, the only obligatory element in a phrase category is the head of that category. Thus it is possible to state a rule schema which describes the expansion of all phrase categories, as in (23): (23) XP ~ (C t ) (C 2 ) • • • (C j ) X (C j + 1) • • • (C k ), where X = N, V, ADJ, ADV or P, and C i represents a non-head constituent.

MIT Press. Reuland, Eric. 1985. " In Pieter Muysken and Henk van Riemsdijk, Features and Projections, 1984. Dordrecht: Foris Publications. Selkirk, Elisabeth. 1984. Phonology and Syntax: The Relation Between Sound and Structure. : MIT Press. 1 General Introduction Thus far, we have been concerned exclusively with phrase structure, that is with the hierarchical relations between elements of phrases and sentences. There is another type of relation that plays an important role in the grammar, which has more to do with meaning.

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