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By Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik

An critical shop of knowledge at the English language, written by way of many of the best-known grammarians on this planet.

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Shared lexical percentages between the Papuan and Austronesian languages in the Solomons are very low (Wurm 1982: 234). 7% (from a comparison of 197 words), with Savosavo (all figures in this section are from Tryon and Hackman 1983). 2% with Baniata (comparison of 195 words). 5% with Lavukaleve. 2% (comparison of 195 words). Most other languages of the Solomons share around 4% or 5% with Lavukaleve. These shared lexical percentage figures are very low. As a comparison, Austronesian languages in the Solomon Islands tend to share around 30%-50% vocabulary with each other.

Formal factors aid the transfer. Possessive prefixes are formally identical to subject prefixes apart from the 1st singular form. So for most forms, only the form of the verb (not including the subject prefix) and the stress pattern mark the fact that the construction is a Possessorsubject construction. The Possessor-subject construction is only available to a very small number of verbs. It is no large step for speakers to start to use this stress pattern on other verbs apart from just the verbs of Possessor-subject constructions.

3 HEARING STRESS VERSUS IDENTICAL-VOWEL SEQUENCES It was said above that stress is realised as a longer and louder syllable. 5 above). Because of the association between length and stress, and the partly unpredictable nature of stress, it is sometimes a difficult matter in individual words to decide if a vowel sound is long because it is stressed, or long because it is a sequence of two identical vowels. For some words morphophonemic tests can be applied to distinguish between the two analyses.

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