Download A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and by Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen PDF

By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

The booklet encompasses a choice of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this ebook are all written inside of a cognitive linguistics framework, centred round varied linguistic features of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major topic, supplying a huge point of view and a common, theoretical heritage from be aware grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the rest ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic features of the verb, illustrated via numerous languages and study components, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe diversified elements of Norwegian - a language now not past investigated at any such scale inside cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals worthwhile contributions via being heavily with regards to English, but differing in convinced very important and engaging methods. furthermore, info from a number of different languages are incorporated, between others Italian, Russian, and diversified African languages, supplying a much broader typological variety.

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In short, "knowledge of language is knowledge" (Goldberg 1995: 5). General knowledge is widely believed to be structured as a network, so this view allows language to be integrated with other kinds of knowledge. 50 Richard Hudson The network view contrasts most clearly with the view that knowledge is divided into distinct modules, each with its own formal properties and internal structure and with very limited links to other modules (Fodor 1983; Chomsky 1986; Pinker 1994, 1997). As far as language is concerned, the lexicon and the grammar form distinct modules, as do phonology, semantics and so on; and in an extreme version, each lexical item is held in a distinct "lexical entry" which is a kind of mini-module.

B. / would never buy this house. The roof leaks badly. The noun car evokes an established frame, including the standard knowledge that cars have motors, and that a given car has just one. Likewise, house evokes a frame that includes the notion of a (single) roof. Thus in (12a), my car directs attention to a specific car, which can thereby function as a reference point. ). Because the dominion defined in this manner contains just a single motor, the intended referent of motor in the second sentence is contextually unique, hence the definite article is used.

B. * A feline is a lynx. I analyze these expressions also as profiling the identity of two individuals. e. 5 Given that the lynx class is a proper subset of the feline class, the well-formedness contrast between (2la) and (21b) can be seen as a consequence of the subject functioning as point of access for interpreting the profiled identity relation. In (2la), we initially focus on a lynx and describe it as coinciding with a feline; in view of the subset relationship, this will always be valid. On the other hand, (21b) initially focuses on a feline and describes it as coinciding with a lynx.

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